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THE “DARK SIDE” OF SPAIN

With what do you associate Spain? How about paella, bullfights, and flamenco? Did you know that the night life of the kingdom can be compared to the extravaganza of living in “Sin City” Las Vegas? What do you expect as a result from a combination of sea, sun and people at night? Spain offers a wide range of activities and entertainment. Once Spain is immersed in the glorious twilight, there is a romantic atmosphere often illuminated with neon lights. National holidays, festivals, theme parties on the high seas, entertainment complexes: Spain saturated with thousands of lights, voices and melodies.

From Dusk until Dawn

French writer and screenwriter Tonino Benakvista in one of his works has rightly noticed that “the night – it’s a half of life, its underside, and a place where we have the right to exist.” Night blurs the boundaries of reality and consciousness. Night in Spain is a separate reality with its nuances and accents that can delight the foreigners at a glance. Marcha, the so-called nightlife in Spain, begins at 10 pm and can last until the morning. Adults prefer to have a drink at the nearby bars, the young people go to a disco, and a family will often choose a dinner in the restaurant. Marcha – this is not the way to have fun and spend money, this is a form of communication with loved ones, a way to make new friends. As a rule, Marcha planned for the end of the week, because no one can say for sure that he will return home before noon. Walking the streets late at night, live music, a glass of red wine or beer – Marcha is a tradition with deep roots that originated at the same time with the Spanish spirit and character. By the way, every resident and guest of this country will be able to relax as he wishes to. Unceasing rhythms and rhythms of the infinite, plenty of cosy street cafes, beach parties, parks for children and the elderly – whatever you want. We really need to mention the importance of Saints Days and Fiestas It’s not about each village competing to put on the best “fire show” in the country, but it’s also an opportunity to dress up and the town square becomes a “meeting place” for people of all ages. Coastal towns boast bonfires on the beaches – the whole spectacle is amazing. During Holy Week the night time turns into a religious carnival. Spain is a country that never sleeps, and the night in it – is a life in itself.

Seven wonders of Ibiza

We often look at the sky at night and admire the stars. Ibiza is a bright constellation in the night sky in Spain, shimmering, sparkling, and extravagant: welcome to the luxurious island of pleasure. There are places in the world that do not require compliance with the rules, and as a result people do not tend to break them at the earliest opportunity. For more than 30 years Ibiza has been an almost sacred place for tourists, who are looking for adventure; it’s a “mother” of the nightlife in Spain. The legendary island is a unique synthesis of European clubs and of Spanish traditional festivals. There are many “kings of clubs” in Ibiza, but several of them deserve special mention. Lovers of dance music flock to the clubs located near the port. Layers of dance floors often accommodate 5,000 people. The world’s largest club, submitted to the Guinness Book of Records, includes a swimming pool and several relaxation areas. One of the best institutions in the world, according to many true connoisseurs’ leisurely pastimes, is right next to the airport. Disco, located on the waterfront, looks like a towering glass pyramid. During one of the programs one of the dance floors fills with water. The famous Balearic house, which originated in the old club in the centre of the island, is a fantastically popular club with a wide variety of musical programs is located in San Antonio. Celebrities prefer one of the most beautiful places near the sea. The whole summer will be not enough to explore the night life of the island. Eloquent Ibiza changes every season, and the island is able to surprise the most experienced clubber.

Night Spain in the neon lights is an unforgettable sight. It only remains to choose – to walk through the romantic places of the city at night, have some fun in a Spanish nightclub or to visit a national restaurant or cafe.

1. “Those who dream by day are cognizant of many things which escape those who dream only by night.”
Edgar Allan Poe, “Eleonora”

The popularity of golf homes is boosting property sales in Spain as overseas visitors flock to the country to hit the courses. According to IAGTO’s 2013 Golf Tourism Report, global golf holiday sales saw a dramatic increase of 9.3 per cent year-on-year, meaning that investors are more likely to put their money into this type of development.

According to the National Golf Federation, around 56 million people worldwide take part in the sport. Furthermore, Spain remains the most popular destination in Europe for the pastime, KPMG Golf Insights 2013 underlined. While many play golf as a secondary activity on holiday, plenty travel solely for the purpose of indulging in the sport in the sun.

Indeed, it is believed that up to ten per cent of the 56 million people who play golf go abroad each year with the main purpose of their trip being to enjoy the game. This explains why sales of accommodation close to courses is increasing every year.

Marc Pritchard, sales and marketing director for Spanish house builder Taylor Wimpey Espana, commented: “Spain is one of the biggest golf destinations in the world; it’s certainly the most popular European golf location and anyone thinking of buying a golf property in Spain would definitely be making a wise move.

“Spain is poised to attract a large percentage of these golf travellers in the years to come and despite recent turbulent times for the Spanish economy, the demand for golf properties is evidently strong.”

The company reported a sales increase of 74 per cent in Mallorca last year – an island famed for its excellent golf courses. Indeed, it boasts 24 of Europe’s most luxurious courses, and the warm climate makes it an ideal location for those aiming to play a lot while there.

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Zenia Boulevard is the largest Shopping centre in the province of Alicante.Our customers and visitors describe us as a city, with its streets, squares, fountains, daily concerts and events that bring Zenia Boulevard to life and are what makes us different and exciting.

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It is a Shopping Centre designed for the enjoyment and entertainment of our visitors.
The Shopping Centre’s gorgeous, well-tended plants and gardens include more than 90 different species. We also have a free health and fitness park, where you can exercise, relax in the rest zones, watch the big sporting events and fascinating documentaries on the giant LED screen, and enjoy free concerts and shows every week on our stage…plus over 150 shops with the best prices and a huge choice of products. Such a range of attractions means that visitors return to the centre over and over again, making it the ideal place for meeting up with friends.

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Situated 10 minutes from Torrevieja, 5 minutes from Campoamor, 30 minutes from Cartagena, 55 minutes from Murcia, 37 minutes from Elche, 47 minutes from Alicante, 15 minutes from San Javier, Zenia Boulevard is the perfect destination for shopping, strolling, having fun and discovering exciting things to do with your family and/or friends. Do you want to miss out on all this? Visit Zenia Boulevard and find everything you desire, from Z to A.

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The Zenia Boulevard Shopping Centre offers of wealth of shopping and leisure options and the best amenities. From the very first day, our customers will discover a world of services to enhance their shopping experience.
What is more, the prices, the quality and the range products that customers will find in the Zenia Boulevard Shopping Centre are the major features that set us apart and significantly improve our customers’ shopping experience and quality of life.

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Zenia Boulevard is the home to stores where you can find all the latest in fashion, services, design, accessories and décor at affordable prices, including Primark, Alcampo, Decathlon, Leroy Merlin, Norauto, C&A, H&M, Zara, Zara Home, Lefties, Mango, Stradivarius, Bershka, Pull and Bear, Springfield, etc.
And when you wish to treat yourself to something special, visit any of our premium outlets, such as Cuplé, Swarovski, Nichi Seijo, Geox, Guess, and many more.

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PRIEST-IN-CHARGE CHRISTOPHER SCARGILL

PRIEST-IN-CHARGE CHRISTOPHER SCARGILL: “BAD IMITATION OF ENGLAND IS NOT FOR ME”

Torrevieja is a cosmopolitan city with one of the largest diasporas of modern times in Spain, the British Diaspora. British culture is quite complex and multifaceted. “British Spain” is a Christian “country”, and so you may find that many people live in a way you find surprising. In an interview with “BOMOND Magazine” Father Christopher Scargill, the
priest-in-charge of a parish in Torrevieja, Chaplain Revd, talks about the British believers, about his impressions of the country and other cultures of Torrevieja, and much more.

Father Skargill, thank you very much for giving us the opportunity for a meeting with you, and it is a big pleasure to talk to you. How did you come to Spain? How did you become a priest?

Christianity was always a part of my life growing up. I’ve been a priest for almost 25 years in various parts of England, and suddenly one thought occurred to me: it’s time to do something else somewhere else. The Church of England has dominated the religious scene for British believers in many countries. In Paris, Benidorm, Madrid, one in Rome, even in Moscow and St. Petersburg. I received an offer to move to Torrevieja as a priest. I decided to see what would happen… And everything is brilliant now!

PRIEST-IN-CHARGE CHRISTOPHER SCARGILL

Have you decided to move with your family?

Of course, yes. Or rather with my wife, who taught Spanish before and had lived in Spain. She was glad to be back, our youngest son also came with us. Two adult sons and my parents stayed in England. I go to visit them 3-4 times a year. By the way, there is one funny thing in the English clergy families. There are two types of children: those who almost from birth believe that will become priests, and those who from an early age are certain they don’t want to be! My sons work in another field, and I respect their choice. The same can be said about other families.

Tell us, please, your first impression of Spain, of Torrevieja.

Torrevieja is a good and interesting part of Spain. If I am not mistaken, a lot of English people moved here in 1995. And the Church of England has been developed here recently. I have noticed that there are many Russian people. It’s a pity, but I don’t know much about Russian culture, except Dostoyevsky, Tchaikovsky and Solzhenitsyn, that’s where my knowledge ends. I always wanted to see Moscow and St. Petersburg from a historical point of view. I would like to take a trip in the near future, but my wife is against it, she is afraid that we’ll freeze out there (smiling. – Ed.). By the way, our churches are very similar. For example, I apply theories in practice of many Orthodox theologians. Here is a great climate, and culture. I still continue to learn the Spanish language and Spanish mentality.

Have you noticed any differences between the British people, including the parishioners, living in England and Spain?

There is a big difference between the believers, but this difference was already in England. This is not the Catholic Church in Rome with one vision. There is a lot of different theories in England. You see, the Church of England is not just another Protestant Church. Some people in England are more Catholic than the Italians, some Protestants. We also have those who are very close to the Orthodox Church. We are neither Roman Catholic nor Protestant. So who are we? For a long time we were studying this issue. We realized that it is important to develop.

Tell us about your congregation. Who are they? What are the most common problems?

As I know, there are 50,000 of British people in Torrevieja. Of course, all 50,000 will not come to church. In my churches every Sunday there are about 140-180 people. Most of them – the people who have lived in other countries. They are used to a certain climate, and it would be difficult to go back to England, so the choice fell on Spain (a couple of hours flight from England). Of course, a few years ago, the property was very cheap compared to England. British people are active and responsive. When there was an exercise to plan in case of an earthquake in Torrevieja, among the volunteers were many Englishmen: former police officers, former soldiers, former nurses. There are many lonely people. Many of those who just need to talk.

Tell us about the complexities of the spiritual life of the English diaspora?

The main difficulty is that many of the parishioners arrive for 2-3 months, and many of them go back to England in august, because it is too hot. Our centres are not so big, but we try to celebrate all holidays, and organize large meetings as often as possible.

What can you say about the relationship between the English church in Torrevieja and the authorities of Spain?

We have a good relationship with authorities. The mayor of Torrevieja and other local mayors often come to the meeting with the British diaspora, to official events and concerts. There is a British Consul in Alicante, but he is responsible for all Costa Blanca, and he can not be everywhere. About the government in England… I do not think that they are particularly concerned about what is happening here. Too far.

How many English churches are there in Torrevieja?

If I’m not mistaken, there are seven such religious centers in Torrevieja. They located in the following areas: La Siesta, Los Balcones, Lago Jardin, La Marina, Campoverde, La Manga, Cristo Resucitado, Hondón de las Nieves. We meet almost every week. Unfortunately, there are not a lot of parishioners, but we try to do the best. There are also three or four other English churches which are not part of the Church of England.

PRIEST-IN-CHARGE CHRISTOPHER SCARGILL: “BAD IMITATION OF ENGLAND IS NOT FOR ME”

Is there a place in Torrevieja, where you can meet only English people?

Of course, there are such places. There are many English pubs and restaurants. There is English-speaking Diaspora Association, there is Royal British Legion. Many people are involved in the theatrical life, my wife sang in choirs in English. Unfortunately, some English people in Spain are trying to create a bad imitation of England. My opinion is subjective, but I believe that if I live in Spain, I have to be in Spain. I prefer visiting Spanish places and raise the level of proficiency. After all, it is important not to forget international relations. Some Englishmen are not even trying to learn Spanish, partly from the fact of the fear. But I think, that the main thing is to try.

Will there be any event this autumn?

The Harvest festival will begin in late September. This is to give thanks to God for our food, and for the beauty of the world and to pray for both food producers and those who do not have enough food. A service will be held in each of the churches. At the beginning of November there will be a memorial service for those who died in the past year. This is a long-standing tradition. The service is scheduled for November 2, but it is not yet sure. On November 11there will be a service in which we give a tribute to all those who died in wars and to victims of terrorism. After all, the victims were not only soldiers, many civilians died as well. This tradition brings together the Spanish and the English. We invite everyone to the service.

What would you like to add or say to our readers?

Light, and yet more light! I would say the following: let’s come together, get ready, take part. We are not that strange, really! We can say that with us you will find England with a Spanish accent. We are open not just on Sundays, we are ready to help in any day of the week at any time of the day. One has only to call. Whether it’s a problem with the kids, or mental discomfort – we welcome everyone.

INSET:

1. Unfortunately, many English people in Spain are trying to create a bad imitation of England. My opinion is subjective, but I believe that if I live in Spain, I have to be in Spain.

2. British are active and responsive people. When there was an earthquake in Spain, many Englishmen were among the volunteers: retired police officers, retired soldiers, retired nurses.

3. Lago Jardin Church is a beautiful little Church, set in lovely gardens within the Urbanisation of Lago Jardin 1. There is a service of Holy Communion every Saturday evening at 6.00pm (except during August, when no services are held). Everyone is assured of a warm welcome when visiting Lago Jardin Church. It is a wonderful setting for Wedding Blessings and Baptisms.

"There is a salty wind": Interview with the President of the Association of Restaurant Business José Antonio Álvarez

“There is a salty wind”: Interview with the President of the Association of Restaurant Business José Antonio Álvarez

Tourism is one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world. Questions about progress in the catering trade and the hotel business are especially important in the current economic climate. The Association of Catering Trade of Torrevieja and surrounding areas was established in 1976, and it is the first organization of its kind in Valencia. In an interview with “BOMOND Magazine” the President of the Association of the restaurant business in Torrevieja and a front-of-the-house manager in the restaurant “El Puerto” Jose Antonio Lozano Alvarez talks about the development of this field in Spain, shares tips and talks about the appeal of Torrevieja for tourists.

"There is a salty wind": Interview with the President of the Association of Restaurant Business José Antonio Álvarez

Mr. Alvarez! The association has now existed for decades. You must certainly be feeling the effects of the crisis. Tell us, please, how badly damaged the hotel industry and catering business is in Spain. Can you share a personal outlook of this field?

The crisis has hit the restaurant business, and all manufacturing industries of the country. This is primarily due to lowered power consumption, and this is the direct consequence of the high rate of unemployment in the country. Unfortunately, this situation has led to the fact that many of my companions did not survive and were forced to close their businesses. However, the region is popular for tourists, so we need to become more attractive and do not cease to grow.

We’ve heard about the public events organized by your association. What are they: fairs, exhibitions, presentations?

There are traditional food fairs, festivals, food and Spanish snacks tastings and snacks, for example, the week “Los Arroces de Torrevieja”, Gin and tonic & Cocktail Tour, Jueves Tapas Mahou… and many others. Starting last year we take a part in one of the most important gastronomic fairs in Spain – “Lo mejor de la Gastronomia”. Those wishing to attend are advised to visit the website www.torreviejagastronomica.es.

Why is Torrevieja so attractive amongst tourists from all over the world?

Torrevieja is a city on the coast, with excellent climate, first-class infrastructure, hospitals, sports facilities and three berths for marine tourism. Cultural events are held throughout the year. The city is strategically located in Vega Baja, between Alicante and Murcia, and only 30 minutes from Alicante airport. Visitors are close to the main shopping areas and entertainment centres, equipped with the best restaurants.

Mr. Alvarez, you can be called an expert in the restaurant business. Please, tell us about the features of Mediterranean cuisine. What would you recommend to try first of the national dishes, except paella and gazpacho.

I’ll say about Torrevieja. Torrevieja is a city with strong maritime roots; it is the home of fishermen, impregnated by the salty winds of the Mediterranean Sea. This gives us the opportunity to taste the thistle, goulash, soups of fish and seafood, try the full range of experience and enjoy the unique taste and aroma of rice (vapour, white, black, boiled in broth, etc.). Gardens and fields Vega Baja deserve specific words. They allow us to eat fresh fruits and vegetables, including legumes. And the proximity to Murcia gives us the opportunity to enjoy the national dishes of this region.

According to tradition, you can add anything you wish. For example, you can give advice to people, who are taking their first steps into the restaurant business.

First of all, you need a great desire, patience and willingness to devote yourself to the profession, where customers are a priority for you. All this is all feasible because of constant learning and improving your skills.

INSET:

1. The crisis has hit the restaurant business, and all manufacturing industries of the country. This is primarily due to lowered power consumption, and this is the direct consequence of the high rate of unemployment in the country. However, the region is popular for tourists, so we need to become more attractive and do not cease to grow.

2. Gardens and fields Vega Baja deserve specific words. They allow us to eat fresh fruits and vegetables, including legumes.

Interview with Tourism Advisor, Luis María Pizana: Reasons why everyone should live in Torrevieja

Interview with Tourism Advisor, Luis María Pizana: Reasons why everyone should live in Torrevieja

Torrevieja is a town that hosts an influx of curious visitors all year round. There is also a magnificent autumn season for tourists to enjoy. It is a centre of the tourism industry, focused on coastal recreation. There are many features that make Torrevieja special. Culture, Sport, Gastronomy and Tourism Advisor, vice-president of the Common Council of Habaneras Luis Maria Pisana kindly agreed to tell readers of “BOMOND Magazine” about tourism and sport of Torrevieja, about the “hidden” sightseeing attractions of the city.

Mr. Pisana, thank you for giving us the opportunity for a meeting with you! What can you say about the current state in the tourism industry and the numbers of tourists?

The influx of tourists from Northern Europe significantly increased in recent months. This is, I feel, is due to improvements in the fields of tourism, sport, gastronomy and culture. We hope that everything is going to get better and better. The off-peak tourist season in Torrevieja takes place several times throughout the year. Looking father ahead, we can feel hopeful for expectations about the development of the city.

How do you implement a program of development of physical culture, sport and tourism in the municipality? Do you promote a healthy lifestyle?

The main objective is to strengthen the attractiveness of the city throughout the year. For this reason, we generate employment in all industries; paying great attention to the issue of economic activity. We have a great team. It is worthwhile expending some effort to offer really good things, good quality things, for visitors and residents of Torrevieja.

What сan you say about the material and technical resources of physical culture and sport? Including those for persons with disabilities.

According to President of FESA, it works pretty well. We have much experience in organizing events and competitions in various disciplines for people with disabilities. I have to mention the Palace of Sports “Infanta Cristina”. This venue is for benefit and enjoyment of all, with a heated pool. All our sports camps are for athletes of all levels and for people, who want to be more active and have a healthier lifestyle.

How do you bring Torrevieja to the Forefront? Do you organize any special events?

In addition to the wonderful climate which we enjoy all year round, and a wide range of services, it is necessary to note a range of sporting and cultural activities. There is the opportunity to enjoy our exceptional cuisine, visit a chain of stores that provide an individual approach to each client, and to feel in touch with nature in places that have great ecological value. Also you will feel a great love of our citizens. By the way, every year we create new entertainment and educational programs. For example, Torrevieja Nautical Experience, which brought residents and visitors to the world of sailing.

Entrevista con Luis María Pizana Concejal de Turismo, Cultura, Deporte y Hostelería de Torrevieja

What are the features of the city? What or which places tourists should visit? Why this municipality is so attractive for British tourists?

Torrevieja has a very special places and secrets, unknown to most. In the same way as our natural parks: Parque Natural de las Lagunas de La Mata y Torrevieja, Paraje Natural Municipal, Parque Del Molino del Agua. And, of course, our beaches have various awards, such as the Blue Flag or the letter Q for Quality Tourism. Sports enthusiasts should visit our sports town. We have many cultural centres. One of the most interesting museums is the museum–submarine “S-61 Delfin”. Take a walk through our quays. In general, Torrevieja is a city where everyone can find something new and individual.

Which categories of tourists do you want to attract primarily?

The cultural tourist is a dream for any manager. We want to attract a large volume of tourists from Northern Europe. We are focused mostly on Scandinavia, Great Britain and Russia and France.

Are there any sports or other events in the near future? We mean activities which can attract more tourists?

Our “sport world” has endless amounts of offers with opportunities to improve fitness and health. We have two hospitals with highly skilled personnel, public and private. They are equipped with the latest technology. As for attracting more visitors we can note the increasing attendance of various trade fairs, promotion in social networks, advertising tours. Many tourists decide to come and live in Torrevieja, even if they have only visited us once.

Wine: The holy water of /Spain

Winemaking in Spain is an important element of the national cultural heritage. Smart people say that you can “taste” the country by the national cuisine. Those who wish to learn the essence of this sunshine paradise should direct their attention to the heady grape juices of Spain. The drink of the gods, filled with temptations, has its own unique character and moods in Spain. Groves of grape vines; well designed wineries; exotic tours of the wine cellars; a wine-orgy with the participation of thousands of people – wine is the true love potion of Spain and its variety is diverse and rich.

Welcome to the Grapes of Spain

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It’s a common saying that only two things determine the greatness of a country: the beauty of its women and the taste of its wine! The strong taste and distinctive bouquet make Spanish wines renowned outside of the kingdom. Modern wine racks full of bottles with strange names and labels. People strolling through the cellars during the tour do not realize how many secrets are kept for big-name brands. The southern feeling of chardonnay, fruity onslaught of Tempranillo, the freshness and simplicity of Irene – the country cultivates a variety of different grape varieties. French burgundy grapes gave Spain sparkling wine and the best results with a brief maturity. High quality grape “Loureiro” of Galicia gives the drink a noble flavour with sweet notes. By the way, sweet and dessert wines are commonly used for the impregnation of baking and cooking creams. One of the oldest local varieties of Rioja “Kalagrano” is almost extinct, but it’s saved by the love of the few. People from northern Spain choose wine with a wild mood, the Southerners prefer velvet drinks. Verdejo grapes, one of the best varieties in Spain, give full-bodied wine with a high content of alcohol. In this case, we can recall the Persian philosopher and mathematician Omar Khayyam, who wrote about wine: “a drink from the fountain of wisdom, which requires measures and reverent attitude”. The “star” of Spain Tempranillo deserves some specific words. “Aged” Tempranillo has the aroma of vanilla and red berries. However, people with subtle sense may be able to catch the faint smell of leather, tobacco and an oak-filled basement. One of the world’s leading wine critics Jancis Robinson advised to go to the men’s locker room, if you want to find a true association with the scent of the “king” of grape varieties in Spain. By the way, creating the familiar aroma of wines is a special art whose secrets are passed down from generation to generation.

From the Heart of Plantation

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Mediterranean countries are famous for wine trails and wine tasting tours. Traditional and exotic tours of the wine cellars attract tourists from all over the world. By the number of producing vineyards Spain exceeds all European countries. However, the Spanish wine industry is moderately conservative. There are about 40 wine regions, and each of them has its own tradition of making wine. Rioja is a region in the north of the country, famous for its soft wines, and one of the most popular regions in Spain. Sightseers can see the entire history of technology vintages as well as they can taste the best wines and a variety of snacks. The style of inspection of the winery is “copa en mano” – “with a glass in your hand”. There are modern wineries in the same place, raised with wooden steel structures. Wine and the gastronomic route in the Basque Country provides for the tasting of the best grape varieties of this province. A unique tour “Voyage by Helicopter” can take you to the local wineries of Ribera del Duero, where guests will be able to appreciate the taste of wine from the barrels of different wood. Tourist route “Roads of Wine”, which lies across the province of Cuenca, Ciudad Real and Albacete, is described by Cervantes’ in the novel “Don Quixote”. The medieval atmosphere, the national heritage – among other things, visitors will be able to get aesthetic pleasure from the culture of the Mediterranean. After the popularity of the routes between the regions of Somontano, Huesca and Zaragoza it was decided to put on a coach tour “Somontano Wine Route” up to the Catalan capital during the grape harvest (28 of September). Sightseers can visit the medieval castle, the cathedral church, an art gallery and several wineries. It would be unforgivable arrogance to visit the wine country, and do not go visit the famous «Torres» winery, which offers personalized wine tastings. The tour begins with a documentary film about the rich history of winemaking in this zone. Excursion train opens the “heart” of the plantation: the vineyards, cellars and production area. When you select any of the provinces of winemaking in Spain, even the most whimsical wine connoisseurs will be able to pick up a “solar beverage” with the right taste, strength and flavour.

The idea of enjoying wine wins the idea of Bacchanalian delight, mythological advocated in the culture of Dionis. Ernest Hemingway became the hero of the habit of pouring new wine into coffee for breakfast. Also note wine is not only one of the oldest alcoholic beverages, but in Spain it is an important part of the culture of the county.

Inset:

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1. French scientist Louis Pasteur claimed that a bottle of wine contains more philosophy than all the books in the world. Plato also believed that the abuse of a dream was more harmful than wine, and said wine was a drink to promote reflection of harmony.

COLUMNS:

2. History: As one of the oldest wine-producing countries in Europe, Spain has a long history of wine production. It is known that the ancient Iberians, Greeks and Phoenicians traded drink of the gods in the Kingdom. Malaga and Taragona were centres of delivery of wine by the Romans. The destroyed vineyards in the centuries-old war with the Moors were restored by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabel. Spanish sherry became known through England. To this day, England is the largest importer of sherry. Napoleon’s army made a great exchange of “wine” experience. Phylloxera destroyed the vineyards of Spain and France in the 19th century, but soon resistant to diseases grape variety was brought from the United States. Only the Civil War interrupted for a while the “wine boom”. Spain annually produces more than four billion litres of wine.

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3. Wine festivals: Autumn is a special time in the “grape world” when the harvest takes place. Spain celebrates Vendimia in September – an annual national holiday of the grape harvest.

Holiday “Wine horses” takes place in May in the town Caravaca de la Cruz. There are horse races in the city, demonstration of design of equipment, sprinkling wine with holy water, decoration of streets with many flowers. History marked the beginning of the holiday. It was about 800 years ago. Muslim troops laid siege to a small town. The city had an epidemic, the cause of which was dirty water. Templar Knights made a sortie over wine. According to legend, a miracle happened. The Templars bathed the holy cross in wine. Dirty water cured Christians from disease.

There is a festival of sherry each autumn in the city of Jerez de la Frontera. Visitors can try the original drink, look at the best horses of the Royal school of equestrian art, and enjoy flamenco with world-class dancers.

Festivals and celebrations devoted to the local tradition of winemaking take place in Rioja in summer. There is a festival of St. Barnabas in Logrono in June 11. The holiday is dedicated to the patron saint of the city, and to the events of 1521, when the French laid siege to the city. The inhabitants were forced to eat fish and drink wine for several weeks. Mass celebrations in Logrono, accompanied by a ceremonial first pressing of the grape, happen in the second half of September. The famous “Wine Battle” of Jaro takes place at the end of July in San Asansio.

Have you ever found yourself under your child´s thumb? How to react to his misbehaviour

HAVE YOU EVER FOUND YOURSELF UNDER YOUR CHILD’S THUMB? HOW TO REACT TO HIS MISBEHAVIOUR

Every parent has encountered the problem of conflicts with their child one way or another. Highly-skilled child psychologist Rosio Gimenez tells “BOMOND Magazine” readers about the generation gap issue that is especially relevant in modern times and some ways of resolving conflicts.

The Tyrant child

With great certainty I can say that children who are allowed everything by their parents tend to develop aggressive behaviour. With ever increasing frequency one comes across more examples. Moreover “tyrants” now tend to occur at younger and younger ages. It is the result of children who get used to getting absolutely anything from their parents, those who are impatient with refusals and demand constant attention. How does a child turn into a tyrant anyway? A child’s life environment is full of entitlements but excludes any responsibilities. Obviously, genetics can determines some of the temperament of every individual. However, its expression and development is the result of the environment in which we grow up and get our education.

ПОД КОЛПАКОМ У СВОЕГО РЕБЁНКА? КАК РЕАГИРОВАТЬ НА ЕГО КАПРИЗЫ

There is a way

Undoubtedly there is an adequate solution available when a child shows evidence of becoming a tyrant. Before the problem grows into massive proportions it is necessary to examine mechanisms for regulating your child’s behaviour and use this for your own benefit. Almost any behaviour pattern can be modified by means of training. Thus the parents’ task is to equip the child with rules that replace bad habits. Children are not born with an innate understanding of what is good and what’s not – teaching them this is the parents’ job.

No means no!

Rules contain bans necessary for abidance. When the word “No” comes into effect child must learn to give up some of his desires and the idea that anything wanted is allowed. Children will start to manage their anxiety and aggression. It is possible that restrictions and the implementation of rule can cause conflicts. The child resists because he feels he’s losing some benefits. Indeed it will be more convenient if “father bathes me or mother collects toys”. As a result of restrictions the child learns to understand that rules help to organize life. Besides, children realize that respect has an important role for coexistence. When there are well defined and fair rules it is easier for a child to adapt in school, the swimming pool, excursions or just a trip on a bus since he’s able to apply this knowledge in different life scenarios.

“My child will stop loving me…”

Absence of bans conflicts with healthy upbringing. Rules nurture your child’s development and behaviour. Many parents are not consistent when applying rules because they fear that their child will cease value them. Far from it. When parents are fair and honest with their child he will feel confident and secure. It is crucial for the child to feel cared for to have happy childhood. Democratic and collectivistic methods of upbringing allowing for some authoritarianism with some planned indulgencies will make it possible for your child to accept you as the just leader. Thus it’s important to keep your ear open to your little members of family and their problems.

Mistakes and punishment

¿A las órdenes de mi hijo? Cómo responder ante los caprichos del niño.

You must be prepared for mistakes. It is essential to express your opinion regarding his behaviour, e.g. “I like when you say “please” or “I get angry when you scream”. Exercise patience and participate in the educational process. Don’t forget to accustom your child to family duties. As a general rule, one needs to understand that children tend to repeat things that bring good results and give up things that don’t serve their goals. That is key for changing their behaviour. If we want children’s good habits to be preserved we should constantly encourage and praise them and misbehaviour should be followed by punishment.

It’s crucial to mention two concepts regarding the application of these methods:

1. Concistancy

It is vital for parents and carers to be in full agreement in all upbringing-related subjects. Inconsistency can make things difficult and will act not in our favour. If there is inconsistency the child will feel uncertain which opinion he should hold to and eventually he will start to play one parent off against the other.

2. Constancy

Children are unable to remember all the rules of correct behaviour in one day. If we reprimand him for something that we ignore at another time then this will be confusing and your behaviour won’t bring any positive results. We must react identically in situations we’re not happy about. Initially your child may react adversely. Eventually his behaviour will change when he realize that his unacceptable won’t lead him to his desired goal.

psicologia-a-las-ordenes-de-mi-hijo_es_5

Practical exercise

Saul is 3 years old and he constantly expresses his negative attitude in temper tantrums. At this age he’s unable to explain in words what is happening to him. That’s why he gets hysterical to signal he disagrees, is upset or tired. When parents don’t give in when he is acting up, without hesitation he falls on a chair and starts banging with his legs and shouts. This time it was the switched off TV – because it was time for a dinner – that caused hysterics.

What can be done?

-Ignore his behaviour and continue setting up table.
-In the first person tell him what you feel: “I am angry with you”
-Use short commands, e.g. “stop it”
-Calmly explain to him that you won’t fall for his whims: “I won’t turn the TV on. It’s time to have a dinner”
-Add in a strict voice: “I won’t pay attention to you till you get up and stop shouting”
-Leave for 2-3 minutes for him to ponder over situation.

After that:

A. If he didn’t stop acting up repeat 3 first steps leaving more time for him to think over.
B. Say: “Brilliant! I like that you’re so calm and quite. Let’s go to eat now.”

Keep in mind: Don’t use this method if hysterics can make child act dangerously.

¿A las órdenes de mi hijo? Cómo responder ante los caprichos del niño.

Rocio Gimenez, child psychologist.
gimenezperezrocio@gmail.com